also known as lye and caustic soda, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations Na+ and hydroxide anions OH− .
or ferrous sulfate denotes a range of salts with the formula FeSO4·xH2O. These compounds exist most commonly as the heptahydrate (x = 7) but are known for several values of x.
Aluminium sulfate is a chemical compound with the formula Al2(SO4)3. It is soluble in water and is mainly used as a coagulating agent (promoting particle collision by neutralizing charge) in the purification of drinking water and waste water treatment plants, and also in paper manufacturing.
Copper sulfate also known as cupric sulfate, or copper sulphate, is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula CuSO4(H2O)x, where x can range from 0 to 5. The pentahydrate (x = 5) is the most common form. Older names for this compound include blue vitriol, bluestone,vitriol of copper, and Roman vitriol
Zinc sulfate is an inorganic compound and dietary supplement. As a supplement it is used to treat zinc deficiency and to prevent the condition in those at high risk. Side effects of excess supplementation may include abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, and tiredness
For sulfuric acid (USEPA/OPP Pesticide Code: 078001) ACTIVE products with label matches. /SRP: Registered for use in the U.S. but approved pesticide uses may change periodically and so federal, state and local authorities must be consulted for currently approved uses./
In manufacture of fertilizers, explosives, dyestuffs, other acids, parchment paper, glue, purification of petroleum, pickling of metal. Dehydrating agent. Digestion of organic matter. pH modification. Titration of bases.
Dilute acid formerly in treatment of gastric hypoacidity. Concentrated acid formerly as a topical caustic.
Fertilizers, chemicals, dyes and pigments, etchant, alkylation catalyst, electroplating baths, iron and steel, rayon and film, industrial explosives, lab reagent, nonferrous metallurgy.
In manufacture of phosphoric acid and other fertilizers; in copper leaching, uranium, vanadium, and other ore processing, petroleum alkylation; in production of methyl methacrylate, caprolactam, aluminum sulfate, hydrofluoric acid, pulp and paper, titanium dioxide, cellulosic fibers and plastics, explosives, electronic chips, batteries, and pharmaceuticals.
Used by contractors for haulm destruction in potatoes and as a pre-harvest desiccant for flax and bulbs. Formerly used as a selective herbicide for onions and cereals, pre-emergence for weed control in horticultural crops and for pre-harvest desiccation of leguminous seed crops.
Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH, PVA, or PVAl) is a water-soluble synthetic polymer. It has the idealized formula [CH2CH(OH)]n. It is used in papermaking, textiles, and a variety of coatings. It is white (colourless) and odorless. It is sometimes supplied as beads or as solutions in water.
For Hydrogen Peroxide (USEPA/OPP PC Code: 000595) active products with label matches. /SRP: Registered for use in the U.S. but approved pesticide uses may change periodically and so federal, state and local authorities must be consulted for currently approved uses./
In plastics indust; white discharge printing on indigo-dyed wool; bleaching feathers, hair, silk, straws, ivory, flour, bone, gelatin, and textile fabrics; oxidizer in mfr dyes; renovating old painting, engravings; disinfecting water and hides; artificially aging wines, liquors, etc; refining oils and fats; as antichlor; with paraphenylenediamine as dye for furs, dead hair, etc; in photography as hypo eliminant; with NaOH for cleaning metal surfaces, for gilding, silvering, etc; in pharmaceutical prepn, mouthwashes, dentifrices, sanitary lotions /3% Soln/
When diluted with one or more parts of water ... Is sometimes employed as a mouthwash, but its use to treat stomatitis and gingivitis may irritate tongue and buccal mucosa. The 3% solution or a solution diluted to 1.5% is often instilled in external ear to aid in removal of cerumen.
Used to make inorganic peroxide derivatives and organic peroxides
Used for hydroxylation and epoxidation
Used in food and pharmaceuticals as a bleach and disinfectant
Used to leach uranium, hydrometallurgical processing, metal finishing and pollution control
90% soln is used in rocket propulsion; as dough conditioner, maturing and bleaching agent in food; medication: antiseptic, disinfectant; medication (vet): topical antiseptic and cleansing agent (as a dilute soln)
Hydrogen peroxide is used in the manufacture of acetone, antichlor, antiseptics, benzoyl peroxide, buttons, disinfectants, pharmaceuticals, felt hats, plastic foam, rocket fuel, sponge rubber and pesticides. It is also used in bleaching bone, feathers, flour, fruit, fur, gelatin, glue, hair, ivory, silk, soap, straw, textiles, was, and wood pulp, and as an oxygen source in respiratory protective equipment.
Deodorizing of textiles, wood pulp, hair, fur; source of organic and inorganic peroxides; pulp and paper industry; plasticizers; rocket fuel; foam rubber; manufacture of glycerol; antichlor; dyeing; electroplating; antiseptic; laboratory reagent; epozidation, hydroxylation, oxidation, and reduction; viscosity control for starch and cellulose derivatives; refining and cleaning metals; bleaching and oxidizing agent in foods; neutralizing agent in wine distillation; seed disinfectant; substitute for chlorine in water and sewage treatment.
Sterilization and disinfection in industry, water purification.
Degradation of organic pollutants by advanced oxidation.
Removal of organic cmpd from wastewater by chemical oxidation with ozone or hydrogen peroxide.
Sulfuric acid solns of hydrogen peroxide are used for the pickling and chemical polishing of copper, brass, and other copper alloys...for etching and cleaning printed circuit boards.
Highly purified hydrogen peroxide is used in the manufacture of silicon semiconductor chips to clean silicon disks and to remove photoresist layers...also used for insitu leaching in underground uranium mining.
Air-pollution control agent...used in the manufacture of a number of organic and inorganic chemicals...used as an oxidant for in-place solution mining...propellant.
...used in environmental protection to detoxify effluents containing formaldehyde, phenols, or cyanide (e.g., wastewater from mines and tempering works, galvanizer concentrate, photochemical effluents), and to deodorize sulfur-containing effluents...as a propellant in space technology.
A common oxidizing agent, hydrogen peroxide is widely used for the bleaching or deodorizing of textiles, wood pulp, hair, fur, and foods; in the treatment of water and sewage; as a disinfectant; as a component of rocket fuels; and in the manufacture of many chemicals and chemical products.
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